Breeding and Calves

Female buffalo, known as cows, start having calves at two to three years of age. Breeding usually occurs from July to October, and calves are born from April to June. Female buffalo carry their calves for nine months just like humans. They nurse their calves for the whole first year. Calves can weigh between 25 to 40 pounds at birth, are born with yellowish red fur, and have no hump. As the calves get older, their fur starts to darken, and they grow horns.

The mother buffalo is very protective of her baby. To protect the calves from other predators, buffalo form a circle around the calves. The bull stands on the outside, the cows stand behind the bulls, and the calves stand in the center. By age two, they are old enough to protect themselves.